How to Make Basic Stitches of Hand Embroidery


If you love art and craft, you must take a good interest in embroidery. Nothing feels as satisfying as crafting your own shirt design. In case you are new to the crafting field and want to learn the basics of hand embroidery, this post is meant for you guys. Today, I’m going to teach you about some basic stitches used in embroidery. Once you master these stitches, you will easily follow some advanced hand embroidery design. This post will share a tutorial of satin stitch, french knots, seeds, fill stitches, backstitch, running stitch, and split stitch. So, let’s get started.

Make Basic Stitches of Hand Embroidery
Hand Embroidery

Things You Need for Hand Embroidery

Now it’s time to make a list of things you’ll grab in your next shopping. 

An Embroidery Hoop – It’s a frame that you need to put your fabric inside. The purpose of a hoop is to make your embroidery easier. You can find plastic and wooden hoops in the market, and I always prefer wooden ones as they are more manageable.

When you go to a shop, a small sharp scissor asks for embroidery scissors- through which you will trim threats. 

Fabric- You can choose any kind of fabric. However, cotton or lawn is the best fabric for beginners in the embroidery world. Once you learn the basics, then try the same stitches on any other material.

Embroidery needles are different from standard needles; they have bigger eyes to handle bigger floss sizes. 

A water-soluble marker – You need to draw something on a fabric and then to start stitching. Some designs and lines will help you follow a specific pattern. Once you are done with embroidery, you can remove the mark by rinsing the fabric in cold water.

How to Use an Embroidery Hoop

The very first thing you need to learn is to set your frame correctly. Take a piece of fabric, put your hoop over it, and then cut this fabric’s square. Make sure that piece you cut must be larger than the size of your hoop for better fitting.

You need to lose the screw of the hoop to separate the inner ring from the outer one. 

Spread a piece of fabric over the hoop; there should be any creases. If your fabric has creases, you should iron it first to get a plain fabric to begin with.

Once your fabric is set, put the outer hoop over the inner hoop, make a sandwich, and start tightening screws. Pull the fabric taut, so it doesn’t float much between hoops.

Keep tightening the screw and make sure the fabric is fully secure and taut between hoops.

How to Set Floss inside Needle

For some people, it’s hard to do needle threading. One simple way to cross floss between an eye of a needle is to wet the very end of floss; you can use water or saliva; it’s up to you. Once the end is wet, squish it between your thumb and forefinger and pass it through the needle’s eye.

Usually, when you use the thread, then you double it. However, floss is thicker, and you don’t have to double it. Simply cross floss through a needle and let it’s few inches hang loose. One end will be hanging while you will tie another end. After making a knot, you need to cut off the loose stuff so that you can bring neatness to your embroidery.

You can a variety of floss, but many of them have six strands. In case you want to do more embroidery and intend to get finer art details, you can use your fingernails to separate every strand. Pull one strand out of the other slowly; they will be tangled and create a mess for you.

How to Do the Running Stitch

It’s the simplest stitch one can use. It’s better to start with a small running stitch and one you can make them neatly then opt for bigger ones. 

  1. One way to make a run stitch is to move your needle up and down. And another way to do the same stitch is to push a hand through the fabric and then make several stitches at once.
  2.  A beginner should go with one by one style. It means to push the needle up in the fabric and then move it down. You need to keep space between every stitch to get a uniform embroidery look with a running stitch.

How to Do the Backstitch

In case you want to write a text on fabric, then it’s the best stitch to use for this specific purpose. You can also use a backstitch to create an outline of your design because a line made of this stitch always looks impressive. 

  1. Draw a letter – E on your fabric with a marker.
  2. In the first step, you will bring a needle through from the fabric front and create a switch at the right. 
  3. You need to bring the needle back to the front of your fabric and create another stitch length to the right side and pass this needle to the back on the hole created by the first stitch. 
  4. Bring the needle back to the front of the fabric from the farthest right stitch. 
  5. Repeat it

How to Do the Split Stitch

When you want to add a bit of texture in your designs like cupcakes, treetops, or flowers, split stitch always looks great.

  1. Pull thread up, and through it, you will create a small stitch. 
  2. Come back on the front of your fabric from the middle of this small stitch and take it back down through the fabric from a short distance away, and that’s it. You have split a stitch.
  3. For adding beauty in this kind of stitch, you need to create small stitches like 1/4 of an inch is good. 
  4. If you will make big stitches and then split it, you will end up with a messy embroidery look, and this is not what you want.

How to Make a French Knot

Nothing looks as cute as a french knot. Many people think that making this knot is a challenge. However, I’m sharing an easy tutorial so that you can add these delicate knots to your embroidery designs. The size of knots varies, but it’s good to make a small one at first and then try other variations. You can make the center of a flower, polka dots, lines, and eyes with them. A dotted line can be created beautifully through the french knot.

  1. First of all, pass the floss through the fabric and bring it on the front. 
  2. Now you need to wrap the floss between fabric and needle one, two, or three times. If you want to create a small knot, wrap floss once; for medium-sized knot, wrap floss twice; for big size, wrap floss thrice. 
  3. Hold your floss tight and push the needle down to the back of the fabric.
  4. Make sure that the floss is taut while you are pushing the needle all the way down.
  5. And the result is a cute knot.

I know you will have to practice this stitch at-least ten times to master this specific art, but the beauty that comes from this stitch makes all those attempts worth it.

How to Do the Stem Stitch

When you want to create enticing vines, outlines and flowers, make them with a stem stitch. It looks similar to backstitch with a slight variation.

  1. Make a small stitch (1/4 of an inch).
  2. Bring the needle back through the fabric on the right side and very close to the first stitch’s endpoint and make another stitch on the right.
  3. Repeat it once your line is complete.

The difference between a stem and backstitch is that you don’t start a new stitch from the first one’s end hole, but its near end. I suggest you practice this stitch only online first because if you try other designs, it will be hard for you to find the end of every stitch.

How to Do the Satin Stitch

In case you want to fill a latter or flower, nothing looks more adorable than a satin stitch. You can use multiple color floss to get a playful texture and design in your hand embroidery.

  1. Take your fabric and draw a small hole on it with a market.
  2. The next step is to create an outline with a backstitch. You can start filling this circle with or without creating a backstitch outline. However, you will get a neater look with a backstitch outline. So, go for it.
  3. Once the outline is done, you can start filing the circle. 
  4. Start from the midpoint, pull the thread on the front of the fabric and then bring it across and push it down. 
  5. Pull the needle right back up from the left side from where you pushed it through and then bring it across and push it back down. 
  6. Keep repeating until your circle is filled.

Important note: 

  • You don’t need to waste your floss by filling the back of the fabric as you fill the front; it will happen when you push thread at one side and pull it back up from another. Follow the tutorial as it is to avoid wastage. No one will see a filled circle on the back, so save your floss for the next design.
  • In case you notice some bald spots, then fill them, instead of leaving them as it is.

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